Environment and Resources

Project: An Evaluation of the Needs for State Aid to the Coal Industry Post 2010

Project Duration

06/2008 - 12/2008 (finalized)

Commissioned by

Europäische Kommission, Generaldirektion Energie und Verkehr

Project Team (RWI)

Prof. Dr. Manuel Frondel (Chief), Dr. Nolan Ritter


ECORYS, Industry Development Agency


This research project addresses the issue of hard-coal subsidization in the years following 2010 once the present coal regulation (1407/2002) will have expired. The study should inform whether and to what extent the general State aid regime will be able to address outstanding need in the hard-coal industry. It will evaluate different possibilities the general State aid rules offer for supporting the coal sector after 2010. The study will also try to give information about the cost structure of coal production and on coal pricing and assist the Commission in their decision-making process.

Selected project related publications

Articles in Peer-reviewed Journals


Frondel, M., R. Kambeck and C. M. Schmidt (2007), Hard Coal Subsidies: A Never-Ending Story?. Energy Policy 35 (7): 3807-3814.