Environment and Resources

Project: Evaluating Electrification Interventions in Developing Countries

Project Duration

12/2006 - 12/2011 (finalized)

Commissioned by

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ, former GTZ)

Project Team (RWI)

Dr. Gunther Bensch, Prof. Dr. Jörg Peters (Chief), Dr. Maximiliane Sievert

Cooperation

IDEE Benin, IBC Rwanda, ENEA Senegal, NTEC Indonesia

Summary

Higher monitoring requirements and rigid output-based commitments by development agencies have increased demands for rigorous survey activities to accompany development interventions. On behalf of the German International Cooperation (GIZ), RWI developed a survey methodology that has been applied in projects under the umbrella of the Dutch-German Energy partnership “Energising Development” (EnDev) in rural Africa. Since the end of 2006, RWI conducted surveys in Benin, Rwanda, Mozambique, Senegal and Indonesia. Based on standardized household questionnaires the socio-economic conditions in the project areas are portrayed to provide for a yardstick for monitoring activities and future impact evaluations. In addition, RWI applies a cross-sectional impact assessment approach. In doing so, regions that have been electrified in earlier phases of the EnDev program are surveyed and compared to the not-yet electrified new target regions. In case no electrified region from within the project is available, comparable already electrified villages from other electrification activities are included as comparison group. The household surveys are complemented by a smaller survey of micro-enterprises and a qualitative survey among health stations, schools and key informants. These activities are supervised by researchers familiar with modern evaluation methodology and required data analysis techniques. The field work is implemented by junior RWI researchers and well prepared local enumerators. Hence, RWI offers the whole survey “supply chain”: Designing the survey methodology and questionnaires, selection and training of enumerators and field supervisors for survey implementation, as well as data analysis and reporting. This holistic survey approach integrating quantitative data collection and indispensable qualitative information allows for both rigorous evaluation analysis and for obtaining qualitative background information that is also relevant to the project under evaluation. For example, the electricity demand that can be expected in a region to be electrified can be assessed and the necessity for complementary services such as micro-finance or business development services can be elicited.

Links

Selected project related publications

Articles in Peer-reviewed Journals

2013

Bensch, G., J. Peters and M. Sievert (2013), Fear of the Dark? – How Access to Electric Lighting Affects Security Attitudes and Nighttime Activities in Rural Senegal. Journal of Rural and Community Development 8 (1): 1-19.

2011

Bensch, G., J. Kluve and J. Peters (2011), Impacts of Rural Electrification in Rwanda. Journal of Development Effectiveness 3 (4): 567-588.

2009

Peters, J. (2009), Evaluating Rural Electrification Projects: Methodological Approaches. Well-Being and Social Policy 5 (2): 25-40.

Articles in Other Journals

2007

Harsdorff, M., J. Peters and F. Ziegler (2007), Complementary Services Must Accompany Rural Electrification. Appropriate Technology 34 (3): 22-25.

Discussion Papers

2012

Bensch, G., J. Peters and M. Sievert (2012), Fear of the Dark? – How Access to Electric Lighting Affects Security Attitudes and Nighttime Activities in Rural Senegal. Ruhr Economic Papers #369. RWI. DOI: 10.4419/86788424 download

2011

Bensch, G., J. Kluve and J. Peters (2011), Impacts of Rural Electrification in Rwanda. Ruhr Economic Papers #284. RWI. download

2010

Bensch, G., J. Kluve and J. Peters (2010), Rural Electrification in Rwanda – An Impact Assessment Using Matching Techniques. Ruhr Economic Papers #231. RWI. download

2009

Peters, J. (2009), Evaluating Rural Electrification Projects - Methodological Approaches. Ruhr Economic Papers #136. RWI. download

Monographs (Author)

2010

Bensch, G. and J. Peters (2010), Socio-economic Impacts of Rural Electrification in Rwanda – An Ex-ante Assessment of GTZ Activities. RWI Materialien 60. Essen: RWI. download

Harsdorff, M. and J. Peters (2010), On-Grid Rural Electrification in Benin – A Socio-economic Baseline Study on a GTZ Project. RWI Materialien 57. Essen: RWI. download

Bensch, G., J. Peters and L. Schraml (2010), Energy Usage and Socio-economic Conditions in Mozambique – Evidence from GTZ Electrification Project Regions. RWI Materialien 56. Essen: RWI. download

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