Ruhr Economic Papers
Ruhr Economic Papers #129
Benefiting from Publicly Funded Pre-competitive Research - Differences between Insiders and Outsiders
by Verena Eckl and Dirk Engel
RWI, 07/2009, 24 S./p., 8 Euro, ISBN 978-3-86788-143-2download
This article contributes to the debate on the systemic effects of technology policy by investigating knowledge spillovers of pre-competitive publicly funded Industrial Collective Research (ICR) in Germany. The ICR aims to compensate for obstacles faced by SME in carrying out research and development (R&D). Using data from 911 firms surveyed in 2006, the results show that non-participants use ICR results to a significant extent. However, almost all users in the group of non-participants are engaged in other publicly funded or non-publicly funded collaborative research projects with research institutes affiliated to ICR.
JEL-Classification: O38, H59, D21, C25
Keywords: Technology policy Evaluation; public R & D subsidies; pre-competitive research; spillovers