Ruhr Economic Papers

Ruhr Economic Papers #295

Health Effects of Temporary Jobs in Europe

by Christoph Ehlert and Sandra Schaffner

RWI, 12/2011, 21 S./p., 8 Euro, ISBN 978-3-86788-340-5

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Abstract

Over the last two decades, temporary employment has gained importance in the European Union. The implications of this development for the health of the workforce are not yet established. Using a unique individual-level data set for 27 European countries, this paper evaluates whether temporary employment is interrelated with self-assessed health. We find pronounced differences in self-assessed health by employment status across European countries. Furthermore, in the EU full-time permanent employed workers report the best health, followed by temporary and part-time employed workers. These differences largely vanish, when taking into account the potential endogeneity between employment status and self-assessed health. However, repeated temporary contracts have a significant negative impact on health.

JEL-Classification: J62

Keywords: Temporary employment; fixed-term contracts; self-assessed health

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