Ruhr Economic Papers

Ruhr Economic Papers #649

Care Choices in Europe: To Each According to His Needs?

by Dörte Heger and Thorben Korfhage

RWI, 10/2016, 31 S./p., 8 Euro, ISBN 978-3-86788-755-7 DOI: 10.4419/86788755

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Abstract

Growing long-term care (LTC) needs represent a major challenge for our ageing societies. Understanding how utilization patterns of different types of care are influenced by LTC policies or changes in the population composition such as age patterns or health can provide helpful insight on how to adequately prepare for this situation. To this aim, this paper explores how individuals choose between different forms of LTC. We exploit variation between countries as well as between individuals within countries using data from the Survey of Health, Ageing, and Retirement in Europe (SHARE). Using nonlinear decomposition techniques, we break down the difference in utilization rates between countries into differences based on observed sociodemographic and need related characteristics and differences in the impacts of these characteristics, which allows us to identify the drivers behind differences in the formal-informal care mix. Our results show that a substantial fraction of the observed country differences can be explained by the different features of the LTC systems.

JEL-Classification: I11, J14, J18

Keywords: Long-term care; informal care; international comparison; decomposition

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