Special Research Topic
Regional Analyses

Project: Fallstudie „Förderung der Lokalen Ökonomie“ – Eine Studie im Rahmen der Evaluation des Programms „Soziale Stadt NRW“

Project Duration

04/2005 - 04/2006 (finalized)

Commissioned by

Stadt Essen/Städtenetz Soziale Stadt

Project Team (RWI)

Rüdiger Budde, Prof. Dr. Jochen Kluve, Dr. Uwe Neumann (Chief), Prof. Dr. Dr. h. c. Christoph M. Schmidt, Dr. Lutz Trettin


Knowledge about the effects of new programmes aimed at supporting local economic development in urban quarters is scarce. The objective of this case study is to carry out a systematic review of the strategies, progress and results of local economic and business development programs in the neighbourhoods eligible for support in conjunction with the “Socially Integrative City” programme in North Rhine-Westphalia (“Soziale Stadt NRW”). This case study focuses on three key strategy goals for local economic development campaigns: 1. Reducing vacancies in local retail properties, 2. Supporting business start-ups, 3. Supporting business networks. This study is an empirical analysis based on six areas in-volved in the program: Düsseldorf-Flingern/Oberbilk, Duisburg-Marxloh, Gelsen-kirchen-Bismarck/Schalke-Nord, Essen-Katernberg, Oberhausen-Knappenviertel and Wuppertal-Ostersbaum. These are all inner-city zones that, in the past, were closely linked with old industries such as coal and steel or textiles. Once their traditional economic base had collapsed, they suffered under unfavourable site factors whenever they attempted to attract new businesses.


Selected project related publications

Articles in Peer-reviewed Journals


Neumann, U., C. M. Schmidt and L. Trettin (2011), Fostering Local Economic Development in Urban Neighbourhoods – Results of an Empirical Assessment. Local Economy 26 (1): 18-29. DOI: 10.1177/0269094210391176  download


Welter, F., L. Trettin and U. Neumann (2008), Fostering Entrepreneurship in Distressed Urban Districts. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal 4 (2): 109-128. DOI: 10.1007/s11365-007-0069-5 

Monographs (Author)


Neumann, U., L. Trettin and C. M. Schmidt (2013), Förderung der Lokalen Ökonomie – Fallstudie im Rahmen der Evaluation des Programms Soziale Stadt NRW. RWI Schriften 84. Berlin: Duncker & Humblot.


Neumann, U., C. M. Schmidt and L. Trettin (2007), Förderung der Lokalen Ökonomie. Fallstudie im Rahmen der Evaluation des integrierten Handlungsprogramms „Soziale Stadt NRW“. Essen et al.: Städtenetz, MBV NRW, ILS NRW. download