Ruhr Economic Papers

Ruhr Economic Papers #902

NGOs and the Effectiveness of Interventions

by Faraz Usmani, Marc Jeuland and Subhrendu K. Pattanayak

RWI, 03/2021, 61 S./p., 10 Euro, ISBN 978-3-96973-043-0 DOI: 10.4419/96973043



Interventions led by non-governmental organizations (NGOs) are often more effective than comparable efforts by other actors, yet relatively little is known about how implementer identity drives final outcomes. Combining a stratified field experiment in India with a triple-differences estimation strategy, we show that a local development NGO’s prior engagement with target communities increases the effectiveness of a technology-promotion intervention implemented by it by at least 30 percent. This “NGO effect” has implications for the generalizability and scalability of evidence from experimental research conducted with local implementation

JEL-Classification: L31, C93, O12, O17

Keywords: NGOs; field experiments; external validity