Ruhr Economic Papers

Ruhr Economic Papers #911

The Effects of Shortening Potential Benefit Duration: Evidence from Regional Cut-offs and a Policy Reform

by Ewa Galecka-Burdziak, Marek Góra, Jonas Jessen, Robin Jessen and Jochen Kluve

RWI, 06/2021, 51 S./p., 10 Euro, ISBN 978-3-96973-055-3 DOI: 10.4419/96973055

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Abstract

We quantify labour market effects of changes in the potential benefit duration (PBD) in Poland. Individual workers’ PBD depends on the county unemployment rate relative to the national average—12 months of PBD above a cut-off of 125 per cent and 6 months below. This cut-off shifted from 125 to 150 per cent in a 2009 reform. We utilize i) the natural experiment of the reform and ii) the sharp discontinuity generated by the cut-offs to estimate effects of shortening the PBD. Our administrative data cover unemployment spells for prime age workers during the years 2006-2018. A one-month shorter PBD decreases average benefit duration by 0.5 months and average unemployment duration by 0.4 months. The PBD reduction by six months increased the job finding rate within the first 9 months by 6 percentage points. Using the stock of unemployed per county, we find evidence for positive aggregate employment effects.

JEL-Classification: H55, J20, J65

Keywords: Unemployment benefits; extended benefits; spell duration

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