Ruhr Economic Papers

Ruhr Economic Papers #211

Local Determinants of Crime: Do Military Bases Matter?

by Alfredo Paloyo, Colin Vance and Matthias Vorell

RWI, RUB, RGS Econ, 10/2010, 29 S./p., 8 Euro, ISBN 978-3-86788-244-6



Using a unique panel dataset, we estimate the impact of the military base realignments and closures (BRACs) in Germany on the intensity of criminal activity surrounding the base. We use a fixed-effect model to account for time-invariant unobservables in our panel of 298 military bases for the period 2003–2007. We also take advantage of geographic information system software to mitigate estimation issues arising from the spatial nature of the dataset. Estimation results are presented for total crime and four other subcategories: breaking and entering, automobile-related crime, violent crime, and drug-related crime. The estimates indicate that there is no effect of BRACs on criminal activity surrounding the base. We also confirm existing findings in the literature on the determinants of crime.

JEL-Classification: H56, K42, R19

Keywords: Armed forces; BRAC; deviant behavior; geographic information system

Published as:

Paloyo, A., C. Vance and M. Vorell (2014), Local Determinants of Crime: Do Military Bases Matter?. Demographic Research 31 : 625-658. DOI: 10.4054/DemRes.2014.31.21