Ruhr Economic Papers

Ruhr Economic Papers #295

Health Effects of Temporary Jobs in Europe

by Christoph Ehlert and Sandra Schaffner

RWI, 12/2011, 21 S./p., 8 Euro, ISBN 978-3-86788-340-5



Over the last two decades, temporary employment has gained importance in the European Union. The implications of this development for the health of the workforce are not yet established. Using a unique individual-level data set for 27 European countries, this paper evaluates whether temporary employment is interrelated with self-assessed health. We find pronounced differences in self-assessed health by employment status across European countries. Furthermore, in the EU full-time permanent employed workers report the best health, followed by temporary and part-time employed workers. These differences largely vanish, when taking into account the potential endogeneity between employment status and self-assessed health. However, repeated temporary contracts have a significant negative impact on health.

JEL-Classification: J62

Keywords: Temporary employment; fixed-term contracts; self-assessed health