Ruhr Economic Papers

Ruhr Economic Papers #403

Commitment Problems and War in International Bargaining

by Erwin Amann and Nadine Leonhardt

University of Duisburg-Essen, 02/2013, 15 S./p., 8 Euro, ISBN 978-3-86788-458-7 DOI: 10.4419/86788458



In the context of international bargaining, standard models predict that a shift in military power can cause preventive war because it changes the relative bargaining position between states. We find that shifts in military power are not the only cause of war under commitment problems and that commitment problems per se are not necessarily a cause of war even if the relative bargaining position changes substantially.

JEL-Classification: C78, D74, J52

Keywords: Bargaining; commitment problems; shifts in power